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- URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPING EXPO 2022
- Urban Design & Landscape Expo
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- Urban Planning and Mega-Event Projects: Lessons from Expo 2010, Shanghai
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Changes in the urban landscape of Expo cities. The organisation of large events, including World Expos, can significantly affect the urban landscape of the host city and region. The intensity of the changes depends on a number of factors, especially the size of the city and the degree to which it is equipped with transport infrastructure and other facilities relevant to events. In addition, it should be emphasised that, in relation to other types of major events, World Expos have the longest duration lasting up to 6 months and attract the largest number of visitors World Expo Shanghai attracted 73,, visitors.
Therefore, many interventions and activities are needed to successfully organise such events, which often bring about changes in some urban landscape components. Urban morphology refers to "the study of the physical or built fabric of urban form, and the people and processes shaping it".
According to M. Conzen, it is "the physiognomy of a town or the urban landscape, being the combination of three systematic form complexes, i. Although the urban landscape components include the people and processes shaping it, this article focuses on the perception of changes in the physical characteristics of components such as infrastructure, suprastructure and ecostructure made in preparation for Expos.
As early as the 19th century, World Expos were used as an incentive for faster development and change in the overall image of a city. One can highlight the World Expos in Vienna in and Barcelona in , where the planning of these major events was closely related to the development of the host city.
The organisation of the World Expo in Vienna considerably stimulated the resolution of the issue of traffic in the city, whereas the plans for organising the exhibition contributed to a faster implementation of planned projects and to the presentation of Vienna as a European metropolis.
The main goal of World Expo Barcelona was the transformation of Barcelona from a provincial town into a European metropolis of industrial, commercial and cultural significance. In the preparatory period of the exhibition, numerous projects were carried out in its urban landscape, which provided Barcelona with a new image. During the 20th century, organising World Expos in many cases served as a means of implementing city and regional development plans so that major events became an instrument of city and regional development strategies.
From the end of the 19th to the second half of the 20th century, Brussels organised five Expos that had a significant impact on the development of its urban landscape.Thus, World Expo in Seville linked heterogeneous interests and became the accelerator of urban and regional development of the host, with an emphasis on the overall modernisation of the region and the city, the definition of the model of urban development, the improvement of economic development and the restoration of its former economic significance.
Since the beginning of the s, the criterion of using the exhibition area in the post-Expo period has become increasingly important. In parallel with the planning of a large event, companies e. Cartuja 93, S. The question is how and to what extent Expos bring about changes in Expo cities and to overall development in the 21st century. As one of the basic goals of Expos organised under the auspices of the Bureau International des Expositions BIE is the renewal of the host city besides reinforcing international relations, sharing culture and education, encouraging development, working for the environment and experimenting with the future , organising Expos will certainly continue to have a significant effect on changes in the physical appearance of the host city and the region.
If we consider changes in the urban landscape brought about during the preparations for 21st century Expos, we can conclude that they are based primarily on the principles of sustainability and sustainable development.
Expos continue to be the platform for sharing ideas, concepts and global visions with an emphasis on the long-term harmonisation of technological development and environmental protection, and remain a platform for raising awareness and educating people. In the preparatory period for Expo in Hannover, the first phase of the Kronsberg housing project was completed as an example of an ecological housing development conceived on the principles of sustainable development and Agenda 21 from the Rio de Janeiro conference.
The sustainability principle was applied using a special planning procedure to set compulsory targets and quality standards. In addition to numerous other interventions, Expo Shanghai enabled the transformation of a brownfield area of ha in the very heart of the city, the largest Expo site in the history of World Expos. Furthermore, a significant document was adopted: the Shanghai Manual - a practical guide for sustainable urban development in the 21st century, which will affect our approach to the urban landscape.
On the occasion of Expo Milan, Expo S. Priority was given to environmental sustainability and the use of advanced methods and technologies in the construction of the Expo site, as well as in organising the event. In the preparatory period of the event, local authorities, in cooperation with regional and state authorities and private investors, carry out numerous interventions in Expo cities, primarily with the aim of successfully realising such a major event.
The interventions that are implemented can be divided in general into interventions directly related to the event and those that are indirectly related to the event. Interventions directly related to the event only relate to the development and construction of the Expo site and interventions that contribute to the accessibility of the exhibition areas from the city and region. In addition, there is the construction of accommodation for representatives of participating countries, so-called Expo villages that are located in the city, and also in the region Expo City in Mairena de Aljarafe, located 15km from the Expo site.
The interventions indirectly related to the event are those whose realisation is induced by the event but are not exclusively related to the organisation of the event itself, i.
Considering the urban landscape, its components and the changes in them that result from the organisation of an Expo, we first notice two specific forms of intervention regarding spatial distribution - concentrated and dispersed. Concentrated interventions relate to the Expo site. Interventions on the Expo site, due to the size which varies depending on the Expo type up to 25 ha for Specialised Expos and no size limit for World Expos, according to BIE rules and depending on the concept of the Expo project, usually contribute most to changes in the urban tissue.
Dispersed interventions in the urban landscape relate to interventions whose location is not linked to the Expo site itself and may be directly or indirectly related to the organisation of the event. Those interventions can also significantly change the urban landscape of the Expo city. The Expo site can be considered to be a set of major constituents of the urban landscape where the largest number of interventions directly related to the events are concentrated.
The selection of the Expo site location is a very important factor that influences the success of the Expo itself, the success of the area transformation in the post-Expo period, and its integration into the urban tissue. The host city and region coordinate the drafting of location selection studies to evaluate the optimum position for the planned event.
In practice, urban planning and architectural design competitions for the subject area are held in order to obtain optimal solutions, on the basis of which spatial planning documentation is drawn up. Areas selected for Expos are often abandoned industrial areas, unconsolidated areas on the outskirts of the city or areas with similar functions which are extended for the purpose of a large event.
In Brussels, World Expo was held in the Heysel plateau, on the same location as the previous Expo in , but for the needs of Expo , the exhibition site was extended to Parc de Laeken.
Expo in Seville was held in Isla de la Cartuja, which was until then an unregulated area near the city centre. Thanks to the event, it was integrated into the urban landscape of Seville. For the requirements of these large events, Expo sites are equipped with all necessary infrastructure, suprastructure and ecostructure.
Depending on the concept of the Expo and the use of the exhibition area in the post-Expo period, the suprastructure remains a permanent legacy or is removed and perhaps used at some other location. In the post-Expo period, the Expo site can be used for various purposes depending on the vision and concept of the long-term use of the space.
According to the BIE rules, the use of the Expo site in the post-Expo period should be determined in the preparatory period of the event. During the urban planning and architectural competition for the Expo site Master Plan, the long-term use of the site in the post-Expo period was proposed. An international interdisciplinary group of scientists, under the leadership of Peter Hall and Manuel Castells, were gathered to determine strategy parameters for the post-Expo use of the Expo site, with an accent on its social and cultural significance for the city.
In the post-Expo period, the Technopolis, a scientific and technological park, was developed with a university centre and cultural, administrative and leisure facilities. The Intervention Zone was regulated by six legally binding land-use plans Planos de pormenor , which were administrative instruments for the management of the project.
The legally binding land use plans, providing for varied usage of the area housing, public and social facilities, mixed use, commercial and business use and parks , provided for adaptability depending on new needs and opportunities in the post-exhibition period.
Transport infrastructure is one of the basic formative elements of the urban landscape, a fundamental determinant of development and relations at the local, regional, national and international level. It is also an important identifying factor and plays an important role in organising functional relationships in space.
Transport infrastructure is closely related to the accessibility criterion of the area and is the most important selection factor for the location of major events. During the event, there is an increased number of visitors who intensify the usage of transport infrastructure in the host city and region. For the successful running of the event, it is necessary to ensure good accessibility to the Expo site by means of public transport. Additionally, the development and strengthening of public transport use contributes to sustainable development.
In the preparatory period of the event, a large number of interventions, directly or indirectly related to the event, are completed in road infrastructure, either building new infrastructure or modernising existing infrastructure. Here, for example, we can mention the Expo Ring that connects the site of Expo Hannover to a fast city road and enables its integration into the city and regional road transport system.
Numerous interventions were carried out on the road infrastructure in Seville and Lisbon, enabling the connection of the cities to the wider metropolitan area.
Many interventions are also made to rail infrastructure, contributing to changes in the urban landscape. Expo in Brussels gave the final impetus for the realisation of the long-awaited connection between the Gare du Nord and Gare du Midi terminuses that resulted in the construction of Gare Centrale.In Seville, a large number of projects were carried out at the city, regional and national level, while in the immediate vicinity of the Expo site, the high-speed AVE railway station was built, enabling a direct link between the Expo site and Madrid.
In Lisbon, along with interventions at the city and regional level, the multimodal Oriente station designed by Santiago Calatrava was built next to the Expo site, and became the point of convergence of all types of public transport metro, rail, bus and taxi.
The railway infrastructure network at the city and regional level was modernised and renewed, and the tram network was extended towards the southeastern part of the city, Kronsberg and Expo Ost. On the occasion of organising Expos, air traffic infrastructure is modernised and extended. This is an opportunity for cities to increase the capacity of their airports.
Bridges are also an important element of the urban tissue. Expos are incentives for building new and modernising existing bridges pedestrian, road and railway. In Hannover, 20 new bridges were built across the Mittelland Canal, which until then was a barrier in space. For Expo , interventions were carried out on 10 bridges in Seville, ensuring a good link between the site and the centre, with the bridges becoming new symbols of the city.
The suprastructure, a significant component of the urban landscape, is a place for satisfying the needs of residents, users and visitors of a given space. Expos attract many visitors who require adequate accommodation and facilities to meet their cultural, sporting, entertainment and other needs. Alongside Expos, numerous accompanying events cultural, scientific, professional, sports and entertainment take place in the city and the region that contribute to the quality of life. During the preparatory period, a new suprastructure is built or the existing one is modernised in direct or indirect relation to the Expo and its accompanying events.
For example, in Hannover, there were over 20, supporting events during the days of ExpoExpos can be an incentive for the revitalisation of the entire historic nucleus of host cities and for their cultural heritage in general. Expo '92 in Seville was an instrument for the reconstruction of the historic nucleus ha , with the emphasis on the realisation of integral plans for the reconstruction of city districts, sacred buildings and dilapidated building stock in the city core.
Changes in the urban landscape are also manifested through the construction of new residential developments. In Hannover, the Kronsberg residential development was built on an area that had been earmarked for expansion and construction since the s, located close to the Expo site. The housing estate, built according to the principles of sustainable development and in line with the Agenda 21 guidelines, was designed for 15, inhabitants with 6, residential units and is equipped with all necessary complementary facilities a school, nursery school, social and cultural centre, church, health centre and parks.
When Expo opened, 2, apartments and terraced houses had been built, of which 1, housing units were used for the purpose of accommodating Expo employees.
In accordance with the legally binding land use plans, in the Intervention Zone north of the Expo Lisbon site, a new housing complex was built, which during Expo was used for the accommodation of delegations and exhibition staff.
The urban complex, called Villa Expo, consisted of blocks of flats with a capacity of 2, beds and auxiliary facilities. The complex was equipped with regular transport and had a club house with facilities for recreation and entertainment a gym, swimming pool, tennis courts and other services. The residential complex, which was built during the preparation period for the mega-event, is still zoned for residential use in the post-Expo period.
The construction of a new suprastructure for public and social facilities, commercial or business facilities or the expansion of existing ones also leads to changes in urban landscape components. Interventions, directly or indirectly related to a major event, can be concentrated on and around the Expo site or dispersed in the wider area of the city. Significant funds are also invested in the construction and renovation of hotels and other types of accommodation for Expo visitors, located in the city and its metropolitan region.
Thus, in Seville, 16 new hotels were built as short-term accommodation for Expo , notably the Principe de Asturias hotel next to the Expo site today the Gran Hotel Renacimiento. In the period from to in Lisbon, 21 hotels were built and remodelled in the city area, with two hotels close to the Expo site: Hotel Tryp Oriente and Hotel Tivoli. Ecostructure is one of the most important elements of the urban landscape that functionally and visually contributes to the integration of all elements of the urban tissue.
Apart from being an essential element of sustainable development, the ecostructure is a significant place for social interaction that makes multiple contributions to the improvement of culture and quality of life.
With the capitalist transformation from Fordist-Keynesianism to neoliberalism, mega-events such as Olympic Games and World Exposition have increasingly been incorporated into urban development plan to boost urban renewal. Seeking the role of mega-event in urban transformation and its related effects have practical significance as mega-event movements have become a worldwide phenomenon. While much attention has been paid to how mega-events can be used in tourism development in previous literature, this research links mega-event to urban development.It finds that political added value of mega-events empowers Shanghai to advance its urban agenda and the role of urban planner is vital to deliver a sustainable mega-event. An Overview of Urban and Regional Planning. Mega-event projects have evolved different in the turn of the s economic recession in capitalist society to build place competitiveness for economic growth [ 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Mega-events such as Olympic Games and World Exposition have increasingly been incorporated into urban development plan to help urban transformation [ 5 , 6 ].
She graduated from the University of Toronto and has worked as a landscape architect and an urban designer in many leading design firms in North America.
One of the objectives of architectural design is to create multi-sensory environments. The users are under the influence of a wide variety and intense perceptual data flow when users experience a designed space. Architects and environmental designers should not ignore the sense of hearing, one of the most important of the five primitive senses that allow us to experience the physical environment within the framework of creative thinking from the first stage of the design process. Today, auditory analysis of spaces has been studied under architectural acoustics, soundscapes, multi-sensory interactions, and sense of place. However, the current sound design methods implemented in the film and video game industries and industrial design have not been used in architectural design practices. Sound design is the art and application of making soundtracks in various disciplines and it involves recognizing, acquiring, or developing of auditory components. This research aims to establish a holistic architectural sound design framework based on the previous sound classification and taxonomic models found in the literature.The proposed sound design framework will help the architects and environmental designers classify the sound elements in the built environment and provide holistic environmental sound design guidelines depending on the spaces' functions and context.
It also serves as a platform for the cross-pollination of ideas to build future cities that balances the needs of their people and environments. This vision unfurls itself through the different spaces of the Pavilion that visitors can explore. Boasting an open plan, the architecture interacts seamlessly with the environment, helping visitors to envision how nature can be integrated and restored in urban settings. Artist impressions of the Singapore Pavilion left and Ground Garden right. The three cones are connected by a meandering, gently-sloping Canopy Walk capped with a hanging garden of draping vines, re-creating the atmosphere of the lush tropical urban landscape of Singapore.
Beyond building a network of potential partners and clients in Dubai and the broader GCC region, both international and local companies signed impressive deals at the event.
It is held annually in Dubai in late November and attracts in excess of 67, construction professionals audited by BPA Worldwide. The Big 5 has its origins in an event known as Arab Water and came about from an amalgamation of five separate product-focused events that all had a link to the construction sector  - such as HVAC and building materials. With the building of the Dubai World Trade Centre , which began to develop in the late s, the event found a permanent home and has expanded in size along with the venue. Government support for the event has come from both international and local institutions.In , the event was one of the first in the region to welcome a prime minister when the then Italian leader Romano Prodi visited the exhibition with his minister for international trade. Since there has been an increasing emphasis on education within the events - in the form of conferences, seminars and workshops - to support continued professional development among audiences.
From October to April , the City of Dubai will host the World Expo: a large-scale International Registered Exhibition that will bring nations together with universal themes and immersive experiences. It will comprise an entire new city, built on a 1,acre site between Dubai and Abu Dhabi. These spaces exemplify how the experience of the public realm can be enhanced while mitigating extreme climate conditions. A central fountain mirrors the oculus of the dome and is complemented by seven additional water features, each with a different treatment, that provide respite and entertainment for visitors. The exotic and native plants of Al Wasl display a diverse array of colors and textures. The shade structure at the Loop Boulevard the main pedestrian spine for Expo visitor circulation provides shelter from the sun with a design inspired by the stylized silhouettes of doves in flight, giving an airy and playful theme to the boulevard.
Smart City Expo World Congress (SCEWC), the leading international the design and adoption of new sustainable urban mobility models.
Founded in , urbanidentity collaborates in multidisciplinary teams and exchanges approaches and works with experts in the fields of sound art, architecture, landscape architecture, urban design, scenography and inclusive design. Trond Maag is an urbanist who deals with the quality of public spaces and the development of urban areas. Trond studied civil engineering sciences in Switzerland and urbanism in Norway.RELATED VIDEO: Mexican architects to create public park in the centre of a busy Mexico City road
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UDLE is the only specialised trade event for the landscaping, infrastructure and urban development industries in the Middle East. Focusing on the opportunities and challenges faced in turning the region green, the Summit will explore the initiatives taken up by global and local government bodies, as well as prominent projects developed by urban design and landscape architecture firms, both globally and locally. Part of a range of products and systems for recharging electrical vehicles, the product is designed to promote the diffusion of efficient electric mobility with recharging and V2G vehicle to grid infrastructures. Iccos Smart Bench — presented by DIMCAR, lccos Smart Bench is a 2-in-1 product: it can seat up to 4 people, and at the same time provide 4 Bike racks, optimizing the space and reducing costs for the clients. The seamless pole integration of solar elements and pole-integrated luminaire offers the freedom to configure highly-efficient LED engines to circular or lengthwise aligned light distribution.Kinetics Play — From Malaysia, Kinetics Play SDN BHD presents four different outdoor products: Skinetic, an outdoor agility exercise equipment that helps improving proprioception, balancing and core strength; Leg Cycle, a stationary recumbent bike with sitting and standing cycling options; Ballboard, a balancing exercise equipment with a wobbly platform that forces users to engage their core muscle throughout the workout; and Rownetic, an outdoor gym equipment specially designed to perform arm rotating movements from a sitting position. An ideal choice for illuminating flowers, trees, walls and borders, the RGBW version of the light can be controlled by a mobile application, to adjust color and brightness.
The glass-enveloped buildings will combine modern design elements with historical references, from color palettes inspired by the traditional materials common in the area In addition to careful site placement and building massing, the architects will add shading elements and an abundance of greenery to create a cool microclimate to encourage use of outdoor space and community building. Since nothing could be directly sourced from the protected island chain, the team referenced textures and silhouettes of diverse fauna, colours of the endemic flora, and the unique volcanic geology. Sleepbox has 16 bookable nap rooms that are available for hire for a minimum of one hour, to offers travellers a place to rest in privacy.